“Quietly with himself …”: how will the monologues help out loud and to himself
Talking with yourself is absolutely normal in childhood, as it helps the child to get comfortable in the world around him. Although adults are not inclined to think aloud, sometimes we notice how someone mutters under his breath. Remember – perhaps you yourself repeated something in an undertone when rushing around the house in search of the missing thing.
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania have come to the conclusion that such conversations are not accidental and really help to find the thing we are looking for. This is confirmed by the results of experiments. Participants who repeated aloud the name of the disappeared item found it much faster than those who searched for the missing silently.
However, if the mumble accompanying the search for the missing keys seems completely harmless, then thinking about yourself in the third person will probably cause surprise. But no matter how strange this behavior might seem, it can sometimes even be useful.
A research team from the University of Michigan led by Jason Moser conducted a series of experiments to figure out what possibilities third-person thinking opens up. Researchers invited 89 students and asked them to prepare a short speech for an interview on their dream job.
To collect their thoughts and reduce stress, scientists invited them to analyze their own emotions before speaking. One group was supposed to reflect on their condition in the first person for five minutes, and the other in the third. It turned out that the participants of the second group successfully addressed the interviewers and experienced less stress and shame.
Thinking in the third person allows you to look at the situation from the side, as if it happened to our friend
How to explain the results of the experiment? Further research revealed: when we talk about ourselves in the third person, only a little activity is observed in the area of the brain responsible for processing painful experiences. Therefore, the second group managed to cope with stress and successfully demonstrate public speaking skills.
When else can third person thoughts be helpful? Moser suggests that talking about yourself in a third person can help with phobic disorders. For example, if you suffer from aerophobia, and your plane just entered the zone of turbulence, such an exercise will reduce panic and allow you to take emotions under control.
In addition, thinking in the third person allows you to look at the situation from the side, as if it had happened to our friend. So we distance ourselves from the current emotional state and are less involved in what is happening, and this helps to see all the opportunities and risks.
Remaining captivated by emotions, we tend to underestimate or overestimate what happened, and distance from experience allows us to be objective. This technique is useful in any situation that requires concentration of attention and resources: both pupils and students in exams, and businessmen during important negotiations.
So warn relatives: let them not be surprised if they suddenly notice how you mutter under your breath.
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