With the beginning of the new television season, thousands of teenagers are going to auditions in the hope of becoming participants in the next show. Among the young there is a fierce struggle on the approaches to fame, as, indeed, among the 30-40-year-olds: who will lead the news in prime time, who will be given a literary prize, who will reign on the political Olympus, or collect full stadiums … The desire to be a star it has never been so sharp, strong and universal.
Sociologist François de Singly sees nothing surprising in this: “To desire fame is simply to allow yourself to dream. As a young man, I desperately wanted to perform on stage, although I could not sing at all. Those who make their way to the screens today are doing it a thousand times more energetically and more successfully than we are. In general, I did not dare to tell anyone about my dream, it was simply impossible to admit it. That’s the whole difference: today everyone has the right to declare their desire to become famous. Read the blogs. At one time I had a beautiful notebook, where I wrote about every champion of cycling races, which I was fond of, but I never showed it to anyone. Today I would have my blog and a group of people who like to read it! “
Well, does every teenager dream of fame? In any case, there are a lot of them, explains the developmental psychologist Yuri Frolov: “In adolescents, this desire manifests itself more often, since it stems from the desire to find oneself. A young person needs recognition from others to feel valuable. People who are adults, personally mature can rely on themselves, on the experience of their victories and mistakes. “
But not all teens go from dreaming to action. “I never went on stage, but I became a famous sociologist,” says François de Singly. – There was a kind of transfer: my thirst for fame was realized in science. I think if at the age of 15 you are desperately dreaming of fame, you have a real chance to achieve recognition in another field by the age of 40 … “
Need for love
It seems that we all, in one way or another, dream of becoming a star. According to psychoanalyst Jean-David Nazio, this expectation of fame is individual and arises mainly from the history of the relationship with the mother.
“The need for public recognition speaks first of all about the fact that a person needs love equal in strength to the love of a mother,” the psychoanalyst clarifies. “After all, it was thanks to her that we first felt our own exclusivity.”
But it can also arise in those who were rejected early, who felt abandoned, helpless. In this case, the dream of fame is an unconscious challenge to the mother who underestimated us.
But the need for recognition and love does not fully explain this phenomenon. In the desire to become famous, contempt for others (sometimes unconscious), and a desire to push back potential rivals, and the hope of breaking out of a faceless environment can be manifested.
“This explains the aggressiveness, hostility, and anger that can often be found among aspirants to fame,” adds Jean-David Nazio. – Moreover, these aspects of a person are often unexpected, being masked by openness, generosity, good nature – also quite real.
Fame, a mirage of fame
“Glory has always accompanied those who have done something significant, achieved success or accomplished a feat, a good deed,” says psychologist Dmitry Leontyev. – There is also black, thin glory: so, alas, Herostratus achieved his goal, who, in order to remain in history, burned one of the seven wonders of the Ancient World – the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus.
In the twentieth century, with the emergence of the media, the constructive desire to become famous – that is, to surpass others in something, to create something unique, to accomplish a feat, to set a record – is increasingly replaced by the painful desire to flaunt oneself to a multimillion audience. As a result, in our day, fame is no longer identical to real fame and is not an indicator of merit. However, millions of people are chasing mirages, and those who manage to snatch a piece of fame, then often turn out to be deeply unhappy … “
Thirst to conquer
Some psychoanalysts consider the desire for fame to be an innate impulse that arises in everyone even in the womb. So, Alfred Adler, one of the most famous students of Freud, the founder of individual psychology, called this tendency to conquer objects and space, the desire for superiority. He saw in him the main motivating force of our behavior, since thanks to it we can compensate from childhood the unconscious feeling of our own inferiority inherent in each of us.one…
“Adler believed that this feeling gives rise to the desire to overcome, superiority, success,” says psychologist Dmitry Leontiev. – Later he came to the conclusion that the desire for success is still primary and universal, and not everyone feels inferiority, but only those who do not achieve it. Chronic experience of this state can develop into an inferiority complex. “
Western society creates the illusion that success is not only achievable, but simply necessary to start living for real
It is about the need to be successful in any task in life. “How we fulfill this need determines our lifestyle,” continues Dmitry Leontiev. – For those who assert themselves at the expense of others, this desire, according to Adler, takes painful forms – in this he sees the origins of crime, alcoholism, drug addiction, mental disorders of the personality. The best way is to cooperate with others on the basis of common goals. “
Lack of patience
Modern Western society, with its obsessive advertising of success, gives rise to the illusion that it is not only achievable, but simply necessary in order to start living for real. Ambitious and energetic teenagers, who took the stars of show business as a model, in the end, quite sincerely declare that the main thing is to be seen and noticed. First become famous, and only then think about how to express yourself and what to work on. With this understanding, glory is not seen as a result, but as a starting point.
According to François de Singly, this turning upside down was due to the modern turmoil over time: “For us there is no longer the logic of learning skills. We study for an insanely long time … And finally we reach professionalism by the age of 30-35, and by the age of 50 it’s all over. If by this age a person has lost his job, it is very difficult for him to return to duty. So the young compensate for this prospect with dreams of quick glory, and I understand them. In my opinion, this is a kind of unconscious form of protest. “
“Society of recognition”, “society of success” instructs us to show off our “I”, to impose it on others so that others and we ourselves do not perceive ourselves as losers. We are assured that it is very easy to become famous. As a result, everyone wants to jump on the “social elevator” and nobody wants to climb the stairs.
In theory, a teenager has approximately equal chances of going on stage or enrolling in a prestigious university one day, but in reality this is just an illusion of a road open to everyone. A very narrow passage leads to the upper floors. Young people, under this pressure, feel an increasing urge to use their imaginations. Imaginary fame compensates them for her absence in reality.
“TV screen gives the illusion of immortality”
It is worth sending a letter to the editor of the program – and everyone has a chance to fulfill their dreams. Journalist Alexander Monakhov, former editor-in-chief of the popular Antenna-Telesem TV guide, reflects on what we are looking for on the TV screen.
“For all the differences in the formats of modern TV programs, the idea of their producers is generally the same: the viewer needs new, until yesterday unknown persons with whom he can identify himself. We, in Russia, are certainly not alone in finding our reflections on the TV screen. So, the program “Big Brother” invented on Dutch television (once popular “Dom-1, -2” resembles this format) conquered England, Italy, Australia, Argentina, Germany, Switzerland and the USA.
One of the reasons for the success of such projects is that viewers see people just like themselves on the screen, and that means that someone can say to himself: “If this Masha got her moment of fame with these stupid tricks, if such a famous TV presenter talks to her on equal terms, then I really … “
It seems that you don’t have to work for many years, the main thing is to be on the screen, guess the letter, play the accordion – and you are a star and the world is at your feet. However, there is a more optimistic explanation for the popularity of such programs: we are alive as long as we are remembered. Anyone involved in the television fields of miracles remains in family legends. Many years later, they will talk about him at general dinners, revise the recording of that very program, tenderly laugh at the awkwardness of the “TV star” … In a sense, he will always be. “
one A. Adler “Essays on Individual Psychology”. Cogito Center, 2002.